Did you know that 2.2 billion people worldwide have Eye Injuries, according to the World Health Organization? 

Eye injuries can happen both indoors and outdoors. Whether a scratch on the cornea, an infection in the eye, or a detached retina – they all impact people’s lives in different ways.

Use this guide to learn about different types of eye injuries. 

Corneal Abrasion:

A corneal abrasion is one of the most common types of eye injuries. It occurs when the protective outer layer of the eye, the cornea, is scratched or scraped. Common causes of eye injuries include foreign objects and fingernails, contact lenses, and direct blows to the eye.

Depending on its severity, a corneal abrasion can produce symptoms such as pain, redness, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and tearing. To prevent a corneal abrasion, wearing protective glasses or goggles when playing contact sports or working in an environment with dust that could find its way into the eye is essential.

Eye Contusion:

It occurs when an individual suffers a blunt trauma, such as a blow or a punch, to the eye. The most common contusion symptoms include eyelid and surrounding tissues swelling, redness, and bruising.

Depending on the severity of the injury, there may also be blurred vision, bloodshot eyes, and sensitivity to light. Treatment for eye contusions consists of rest, protective eyewear, and pain medications to reduce swelling and pain.

Chemical Burns:

Chemical burns are a type of eye injury that should be taken seriously. They occur when a hazardous chemical is exposed to the eye and can cause severe damage to the outside layer of the eye and internal structures.

Several substances, such as bleach, pool chemicals, and common household cleaners, cause these burns. The most immediate and most important treatment for chemical eye injuries is to flush the area with cool, clean water for at least 20 minutes. 

Penetrating or Perforating Injury:

A penetrating or perforating injury is a severe type of eye injury in which an object penetrates the eye. This damaging injury can lead to complications, including permanent vision loss.

Several things can cause such an injury, ranging from fingernails to glass shards to metal projectiles. Those who suffer this type of eye injury can experience bleeding in and around the eye, severe pain, blurred vision, and even total blindness. 


It is caused when the tear glands do not produce enough tears to keep the eyes lubricated. When hyphemia occurs, healthy eyes may become dry and itchy, prone to redness and irritation.

It can be treated with lubricating drops or ointments. In more severe cases, a doctor may need to diagnose and recommend medical treatments, such as topical application of gels or steroids. 


A cataract is a progressive eye condition in which the natural lens of the eye becomes progressively cloudy, causing blurred vision, decreased color vision, and sensitivity to light. Cataracts can be treated with corrective lenses, cataract surgery, or combination treatment.

So, if you are asking, “are cataracts preventable?” it actually can be with early detection, regular vision screenings, and lifestyle changes!

Knowing Different Types of Eye Injuries Now:

Different types of eye injuries come in all shapes and sizes. Whether conjunctivitis, sty, foreign bodies, or something more serious, knowing what to look out for and when to seek medical attention is essential.

If you suspect you have an eye injury, take the necessary steps to assess and treat it appropriately. Don’t hesitate to visit an eye doctor or professional; your vision is worth it.

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